Open Access Research Article

Evolution of Joint Pain in Patients Treated with Discopexy: Retrospective Study of a Series of Cases

Killian Evandro Cristoff1*, Alice Helena de Lima Santos Cardoso2, Marina Pereira Silva3, Wagner Humming4, Flávio Magno Gonçalves5, Rosane Sampaio Santos6, Thiago Lobianco Viana7 and José Stechman Neto8

1Professor at Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Head of the Maxillofacial Service at Hospital do Pilar, Curitiba/PR, Brazil

2Faculty of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Department of Basic and Oral Biology-Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

3Undergraduate student at the Tuiuti University of Paraná, Dentistry College, Curitiba/PR, Brazil

4Msc, Dr. INC/PR, Brazil

5Msc, UTP, Curitiba/PR, Brazil

6Adjunct Professor Master’s Program in Communication Disorders-Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Brazil

7Coordinator of the Medicine Course at Rondônia Faculty of Education and Culture-UNESC, Brazil

8Teacher at Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba/PR, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Received Date: September 01, 2021;  Published Date: September 17, 2021


Dysopexy is a surgical method for repositioning the articular disc. The main objectives of articular disc repositioning surgery are to relieve symptoms, long-term stability and maintain disc position.

Objective: The objective of this study is to perform a retrospective analysis of a series of cases, in a group of patients diagnosed with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) of joint origin, with surgical indication and understand the response of the surgical treatment of the anchoring of the disc.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of a series of cases, the sample consisted of 34 patients, from individuals aged 23 to 67 years old, 31 women and 3 men diagnosed with exclusively joint pain and limited mouth opening. These patients were examined and treated between 2014 and 2018.

Results: For the analyzed parameters related to pre and post-surgical pain improvement, there were statistically significant differences (p <0.05) in relation to the assessment of pain improvement before and after surgery. Regarding the mouth opening limitation before and after surgical treatment, it was possible to observe an increase in mouth opening in the two-year postoperative period, obtaining a statistically significant difference (p <0.05).

Conclusion: Surgically treated patients could see good results in the short and medium term. Therefore, we can conclude that the operative technique is safe and effective, when correctly indicated.

Keywords: Discopexy; Disc anchoring; Repositioning of the articular disc; Joint dysfunctions

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