Open Access Opinion Article

Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Anxiety and Quality of Life in Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy

Syed Imran1*, Moosabba MS2 and Alphonsa Ancheril3

1Department of Nursing, Batterjee Medical College, Saudi Arabia

2Department of Surgery, Yenepoya University, India

3Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Athena College of Nursing, India

Corresponding Author

Received Date:August 8, 2022;  Published Date:September 29, 2022


Chemotherapy is the most stress-producing among all available treatment modalities. Nurses looking after the clients undergoing chemotherapy need to help them by providing non-pharmacological interventions like music which is proven to be effective among all complementary therapies.

Aim: To find the effectiveness of music on level of anxiety and to determine its effect in improving quality of life in patients with cancer undergoing chemotherapy

Settings and design: The study was conducted in the medical oncology units of two hospitals. This was quantitative research with quasi experimental nonrandomized control group design.

Methods and material:Study participants (n=160) were assigned to an intervention (n=80), and control group (n=80), by following purposive sampling technique. Anxiety and quality of life was measured using state anxiety inventory and QLQ-C30 questionnaire. The patient preferred music was administered for 3 hours during chemotherapy in the intervention group, and the control group received routine care.

Results:The results showed a significant difference in anxiety level before and after music in intervention group (p<0.05). A significant change in the quality of life was noticed from day 1 to day 5 in the intervention group. Repeated measure ANOVA showed a significant difference (p<0.05) in anxiety and quality of life at different time points in the intervention group.

Conclusion: Music had a positive effect on anxiety and quality of life in patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Keywords:Music therapy; Anxiety; Quality of life; Chemotherapy

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