Open Access Research Article

Subdomain Method for Layout Optimization of Piles in a Composite Pile Foundation

Jiao Shi1, Pengfei Wang1and Kun Cai2*

1College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, China

2Centre for Innovative Structures and Materials, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Australia

Corresponding Author

Received Date: September 16, 2019;  Published Date: September 25, 2019


Based on continuum topology optimization, a subdomain approach for achieving optimal pile layout in a composite pile foundation (CPF) is presented. In general, the computational time is excessively long when the span of a CPF is far greater than the depth of pile and the nonlinearity of soils and soil-pile contact are considered. To reduce computational time, we suggest dividing the original pile foundation into a number of subdomains. Only a few representative subdomains (RSs), such as the corner representative subdomain (CRS), side representative subdomain (SRS), and inner representative subdomain (IRS), are required to find the optimal pile layout through topology optimization. In optimization, the pile volumes, maximum settlement, and settlement uniformity of foundation surface are considered simultaneously. Numerical experiments are presented, and the validity of the algorithm is verified. In the present method, a CPF with an initial uniform layout of piles of the same length becomes the foundation for heterogeneous layouts and long/short piles. The final design also depends on the inter-pile distance.

Keywords: BComposite foundation; Topology optimization; Pile foundation; Subdomain method; Settlement

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