Open Access Research Article

Response Modal Nonlinear Time-History Dynamic Analyses of the Northridge Earthquake of a Two- Storied Steel Structure with Rubber Isolator and Fixed-base Systems

Nader Zad1 and Dr. Hani Melhem2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Kansas State University, United States of America

2Department of Civil Engineering, Kansas State University, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Received Date:September 30, 2021;  Published Date: November 24, 2021


This paper analyzes and compares the responses of a two-storied steel structure to the 1994 Northridge earthquake in California. Response modal nonlinear time-history dynamic analysis was especially used on the structure with fixed-base and base-isolated systems to show the realistic behavior of the structure. Intuitively, the best choice for the seismic isolation technique is the use of the flexible element, or an isolator, at the structure’s base, which ensures damping. The current research analyzed in depth the application of a base isolator in the structure. In this study, one structure with different support systems was analyzed to investigate the use of base isolation. The research compared the features and performance of a structure with and without base isolation. The steel building was analyzed subjected to earthquake-induced load with and without a base-isolated rubber bearing. The building was modeled by SAP2000 for nonlinear time-history analysis. Ground-motion simulations of the M6.69 1994 Northridge earthquake in California were applied to the steel base-isolated building model. Study results showed that the presence of an isolation system in a structure with 24 feet (7.31 m) height increased the time period of the structure significantly due to reduced resonance throughout the building.

Keywords:Modal, Nonlinear; Time History; Dynamic Analysis; Northridge; Steel Structure; Rubber Isolator Systems; SAP2000<

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