Open Access Research Article

An Intervention to Build Hope

Karin Richards*

Department of Kinesiology, University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, USA

Corresponding Author

Received Date: August 12, 2021;  Published Date: August 20, 2021


The purpose of the study was to determine if brief, ten-minute stress management exercises held at the beginning of class impacted the levels of hope in university students during months 10-13 of a pandemic, including national and international lockdowns, social distancing and mandated online learning. A repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was conducted to determine if there were differences between groups on the pretest and posttest measures of temporality, positive readiness, and interconnectedness. While not statistically significant, the experimental group increased their aggregate levels of hope while the control group experienced a slight decrease in hope. Brief, incremental activities, even done online, resulted in improved perceptions and feelings of hope.

Keywords: COVID; hope; mental health; students

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