Open Access Research Article

Molecular Characterization of Brain and other Structures in Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Luisetto M*, Gamal Abdul Hamid2, Naseer Almukhtar3, Ahmed Yesvi Rafa4, Behzad Nili Ahmadabadi5 and Ghulam Rasool Mashori6

1 Department of Applied Pharmacologist, Italy

2Department of Hematology Oncology, University of Aden, Yemen

3Department of Physiology, University of Babylon, Iraq

4 Independent Researcher, Bangladesh

5Pharm D/PhD innovative Pharmaceutical product development specialist, USA

6Professor of Pharmacology, People University of Medical & Health Sciences for Women, Pakistan

Corresponding Author

Received Date: May 27, 2019;  Published Date: June 07, 2019


Comparative studies of brain and nervous system evolution - development and other structure in vertebrates and invertebrates and in their joining, link show some similarities or differences due by the gene expression. A wide scope of invertebrate immunocytes share with vertebrate phagocytic macrophages, phagocytosis, chemotaxis, tumorocidal activity and cytotoxic natural killer (NK) cells, and cytotoxicity in stress response or in transplantation. This fact can be useful to take in consideration in searching new therapeutic and pharmacological strategy of human disease like oncology, immunology, or degenerative pathology.

Keywords: Invertebrates; Vertebrates; Evolutionary; Pharmacology; Pathology; Molecular biology; Genetic regeneration; Immune system

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