Open Access Case Report

Child with Sporadic Hemiplegic Migraine: Case Report

Giovanna Ferreira Gomes¹*, Danielle Silva Borges¹*, Amanda Vieira Sacardo¹*, Bianca Azevedo Santos¹*, Gustavo Mota Faria¹*, Caio Hespanhol Ferreira¹*, Andrey Mirando Tiveron¹*, Nícolas da Cunha Leite Borges¹*, Douglas Reis Abdalla1,3 and Josephine Marie Da Cunha Fish Cardoso1,2

1Medicine Course, University of Uberaba, Brazil

2Children’s Hospital, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil

3Health Courses, Faculty of Human Talents, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Received Date: December 08, 2020;  Published Date: December 23, 2020

Hemiplegic migraine is a rare condition, which consists of a migraine with an aura, this being a unilateral motor weakness. It can be divided into familial or sporadic, according to whether or not similar cases are present in first-degree families. Its pathophysiology includes endogenous and exogenous factors. A case report was made of a 9-year-old female patient who presented four episodes with symptoms such as syncope, left hemiplegia, dizziness, visual blurring, among others. After ruling out other causes of hemiplegia, the diagnosis of sporadic hemiplegic migraine was closed. The patient presented with an atypical presentation of hemiplegic migraine, since she did not present with headache, which can occur in 1 to 5% of patients. However, symptoms such as unilateral paresthesia of limbs with a reversible pattern made it possible to classify her in this diagnosis. The treatment recommended for crisis prevention includes Sodium Valproate, which was recommended to her. Thus, the importance of performing a thorough clinical examination associated with imaging examinations for diagnoses of cases that are not normal is evident.

Keywords:Migraine with aura; Headache; Hemiplegic migrain

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