Vitrectomy Versus Combined Vitrectomy-Scleral Buckling for the Treatment of Pseudophakic and Aphakic Retinal Detachment
Received Date: May 09, 2021; Published Date: May 22, 2021
There is a disagreement on the ideal intervention for pseudophakic and aphakic retinal detachment. The goal of this thesis is to outline the difference between the two surgical approaches in getting higher reattachment rates and better visual outcomes. The study is a prospective randomised study to evaluate the efficacy of vitrectomy alone versus a combination of both vitrectomy and scleral buckling in the treatment of pseudophakic and aphakic retinal detachment.
Aim of the work: The aim of this study is to compare the anatomical and functional results of primary vitrectomy alone versus vitrectomyscleral buckling for pseudophakic and aphakic retinal detachment.
Patients and methods: A total of 30 eyes with pseudophakic or aphakic retinal detachment will be divided into two groups. Fifteen consecutive pseudophakic or aphakic eyes with retinal detachment will be operated by vitrectomy-scleral buckling (Group-A) and Fifteen additional patients will be operated by vitrectomy alone (Group-B).
Results: The two groups of the patients with a postoperative follow-up of at least 6 months continue to maintain an attached retina after one operation. Visual acuity has improved by at least 2 lines on the Snellen chart in 25 patients, remained the same in 2 patients, and decreased in 1 patient.
Conclusion: This randomised study shows the same anatomic results when performing a PPV, fluid-air exchange, internal drainage, and endolaser together and SF6 gas injection with or without an scleral buckling for pseudophakic retinal detachment.