Prevalence of Pingueculum and Pterygium Among Adults at an Outreach in an Upland Community in Rivers State, Nigeria
Received Date: February 20, 2020; Published Date: March 02, 2020
Aim: To determine the prevalence of pingueculum and pterygium among adults in Eneka community and to access the demographic profile and associated ocular findings in affected adults.
Methodology: Teaming up with other volunteers for a free medical outreach gave us the opportunity to evaluate the ocular health status of this semi-urban population. A cross sectional study was conducted in which each subject had a detailed ocular examination including visual acuity, anterior segment evaluation with pen-torch, funduscopy, tonometry and refraction where indicated. Collected data was subsequently analyzed using Epi-info version 7.
Results: One hundred adults were screened for Pingueculum and Pterygium comprising 28(28%) male and 72(72%) females. Three (3%) of them had Pingueculum while five (5%) had Pterygium. The mean age was 31.1±13.3 years. Most of the pterygia (80%) were unilateral and most (80%) of the participants had normal visual acuity (6/5-6/18) while all of them had normal intraocular pressures.
Conclusion: Pingueculum and Pterygium are relatively uncommon in Eneka community.
Keywords: Eneka community; Pingueculum; Pterygium; Nigeria