Open Access Research Article

Prevalence of Pingueculum and Pterygium Among Adults at an Outreach in an Upland Community in Rivers State, Nigeria

Ireju Onyinye Chukwuka1* and Henrietta Odiri Nwachukwu2

1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

Corresponding Author

Received Date: February 20, 2020;  Published Date: March 02, 2020


Aim: To determine the prevalence of pingueculum and pterygium among adults in Eneka community and to access the demographic profile and associated ocular findings in affected adults.

Methodology: Teaming up with other volunteers for a free medical outreach gave us the opportunity to evaluate the ocular health status of this semi-urban population. A cross sectional study was conducted in which each subject had a detailed ocular examination including visual acuity, anterior segment evaluation with pen-torch, funduscopy, tonometry and refraction where indicated. Collected data was subsequently analyzed using Epi-info version 7.

Results: One hundred adults were screened for Pingueculum and Pterygium comprising 28(28%) male and 72(72%) females. Three (3%) of them had Pingueculum while five (5%) had Pterygium. The mean age was 31.1±13.3 years. Most of the pterygia (80%) were unilateral and most (80%) of the participants had normal visual acuity (6/5-6/18) while all of them had normal intraocular pressures.

Conclusion: Pingueculum and Pterygium are relatively uncommon in Eneka community.

Keywords: Eneka community; Pingueculum; Pterygium; Nigeria

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