Ureteral Stenosis after Uterine Suspension Using TVM (Transvaginal Mesh)
Received Date: April 16, 2019; Published Date: April 23, 2019
We report a rare case of ureteral stenosis after sacrospinous suspension. A 64-year-old post-menopausal female, G2P2, complained of a heavy sensation and the feeling of sitting on a ball, especially in the afternoon. Tracing back her previous surgical history, she had undergone a cesarean section and subtotal hysterectomy due to myoma with severe adhesion. A pelvic examination revealed total prolapse of the vaginal cervix with stage III cystocele. A urodynamic study revealed bladder outlet obstruction, and a pad test was 13g after restoring the vaginal cervix. Therefore, after explaining the risks and complications of surgery, Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery including sacrospinous suspension (Upholds), mid-urethral sling surgery (Solyx) and anterior compartment repair was performed. Ten days after surgery, she returned to our hospital due to left costovertebral angle pain plus knocking tenderness. CT showed hydronephrosis without urolithiasis, and antegrade pyelography also showed ureteral stenosis in the lower third (Figure 1). After several attempts at stent insertion had failed, a urologist suggested re-implanting the ureter. The postoperative course was uneventful. Intravenous pyelography was performed 4 months after this surgery, and showed a patent left ureter.
POP is a disabling and chronic condition that affects roughly 20% of women of all ages both physically and psychologically . Pelvic organs can protrude outside the body through the vagina due to weakness in the pelvic floor, and most women with POP also suffer from at least one other pelvic floor disorder such as incontinence. POP increase nationwide, namely, anterior, posterior and middle compartments prolapse. Many different kits have been developed in recent years for reconstructive surgery, among which synthetic material augmentation plays a major role but also results in complications such as dyspareunia and vaginal discomfort.
Surgical mesh can be used for urogynecological procedures, including repair of POP and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). It is implanted to reinforce the weakened vaginal wall for POP repair or support the mid-urethra for the repair of SUI . The most frequent complications include erosion through vaginal epithelium, infection, pain, urinary problems, and recurrence of prolapse and/ or incontinence . There have also been reports of bowel, bladder, and blood vessel perforation during insertion . In some cases, vaginal scarring and mesh erosion have been reported to lead to a significant decrease in patient quality of life due to discomfort and pain, including dyspareunia . POP surgery will be required for patients with total prolapse of the uterus or vault, and we suggest inserting a double j before surgery in order to prevent ureter kicking subsequent to hydronephrosis. In addition, once the operation has been completed, attempts should be made to loosen the tightness of the mesh around the hanging area with palpitation under a cystoscope to allow the operators to recheck the flow of urine from bilateral ureters. It is mandatory to inform the patients of the risk of such surgery.
Conflict of Interest
No conflict of interest.
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