Clinical Characteristics of 18-Trisomy Syndrome Failed to Be Diagnosed After Prenatal Screening
Received Date: December 01, 2020; Published Date: December 11, 2020
Objective: To discover the characteristics of trisomies 18 who were prenatal diagnosed or failed to be diagnosed, and to reduce the failed to be diagnosed.
Method: In this multicenter study, we collected a total of 52 babies of 18-trisomy syndrome (34 cases were prenatally diagnosed and 18 failed to be diagnosed) and analyzed their characteristics.
Results: In the past 13 years, according to the data from the prenatal diagnosis center in Jiangsu, the estimated detection rate was 65.4% for trisomies 18 in the second trimester. After analyzed the distribution of the groups according to T18-risk, there were two important cut-off values to be noted: 1/455 and 1/5050. It was worthwhile noting that the risk of 65.4% trisomy 18 cases was higher than 1/455, 90.4% higher than 1/5050. However, 96.1% cases in normal control group were lower than 1/5050. No case from normal control group would be higher than the value of risk in 1/450. Meanwhile, the T18-risk of 50% T18 failed to be diagnosed cases were 1/1001~1/5050. If we chose NIPT follow the standard of 1/5050, we could find 90.4 % T18 cases. It could increase 19.2% T18 babies be detected, but 3.2% normal mother would accept the NIPT examination which maybe unnecessary.
Conclusions: The prediction mode of HCG MoM and AFP MoM might be able to help us reduce the failed to be diagnosed. It is also necessary to adjust more reasonable range of NIPT with further clinical researches.
Keywords: 18 trisomy syndrome; Prenatal screening; Biomarkers; Prenatal diagnosis; Non-invasive prenatal testing