Open Access Research Article

Variability of Crude Palm Oil Acidity Among Individual Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) Progenies of La Dibamba Germplasm

Likeng Li Ngue Benoit Constant1,2*, Ngalle Bille Hermine1, Nsimi Mva Armand1, Ntsomboh Ntsefong Godswill1,2, Limala II Etienne Pacôme1 and Bell Joseph Martin1

1Laboratory of Genetics and Plant Improvement, University of Yaounde, Department of Plant Biology, Yaounde-Cameroon

2Lipids Analysis Laboratory, IRAD Specialized Centre for Oil Palm Research of La Dibamba, Douala-Cameroon

Corresponding Author

Received Date: January 22, 2020;  Published Date: January 28, 2020


Crude palm oil (CPO) from the mesocarp of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) fruits is one of the most consumed vegetable oils in the world. The free fatty acids (FFA) content of CPO determine its dietary quality. The objective of this study was to determine the variability of acid value of CPO among La Dibamba germplasm in order to identify progenies that produce oil with low acid value. Crude palm oil acidity was analyzed according to AFNOR procedure. Results show that there is a wide variability of oil acidity within and between progenies. The different acidity values obtained from 204 trees analyzed were classified as low (8.82%), average (14.21%) and high (77.45%). Analysis of these results suggests the possibility of breeding to improve the quality of palm oil by exploiting progenies that produce low acidity oil..

Keywords: Elaeis guineensis Jacq.; Genetic variability; Palm oil acidity; Genotype

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