Open Access Mini Review

Severe Winters and Interruptions in Shipping Traffic in The Port of Elbląg in The Period 1585-1700

Piotr Olinski*

Department of Medieval History, Faculty of History, Nicolaus Copernicus University Torun, Poland

Corresponding Author

Received Date: July 21, 2021;  Published Date: August 10, 2021


The reconstruction of weather conditions during winters in Pomerania by the Baltic Sea in the period from 1585 to 1700 was carried out based on narrative historical sources. During this 115-year period, 26 extremely severe and severe winters were distinguished. The results of this reconstruction were compared with the length of maritime transport inactivity in the port of Elblag during these winters. Due to incomplete sources, this was only possible for selected years. It turns out that winters graded as severe and extremely severe coincide with a transport breakdown in the port of Elblag for a period of 152 to 173 days, while winters rated as moderately severe – for a period of 133 to 143 days.

Keywords: Climate in the past; Pomerania; The Baltic Sea; Maritime transport

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