Prevealence of Cleft Lip and Palate in Benghazi_Libya
1Iman Abdelgader, Assistant professor, Department of orthodontics, faculty of dentistry, Benghazi University
2Tayisier Ganeiber, Assistant lecturer, Department of orthodontics, faculty of dentistry, Benghazi University
3Zakia Nabous, Department of orthodontics, faculty of dentistry, Benghazi University
4Nairouz Elbakosh, Department of orthodontics, faculty of dentistry, Benghazi University
Received Date: September 08, 2020; Published Date: September 18, 2020
Introduction: cleft lip and palate is one of the most common developmental defects that affect the head and neck region. This might occur if the fusion between the embryological processes fail. Birth of a baby with a cleft lip or palate is an exhausting and emotional problem which needs Longterm and Multidisciplinary management by plastic surgeon, otolaryngologist, geneticist, pediatrician, social worker, periodontist, orthodontist, and a speech and language specialist The etiology is unknown but there are many predisposing factors which might lead to this defect.
Aim: The aim of this study is find out the prevalence of cleft lip and palate and to screen the predisposing factors in newborn babies with cleft lip and palate in Benghazi hospitals
Material and method: A Data were Collected from the Archives of Benghazi medical Center and Benghazi Pediatric Hospital to find out the incidence of cleft lip and palate among newborn. the following informations were registered: Date of birth-Birth weight-type of cleft-other congenital defect-age of the mother, her medical condition and drug consumption during pregnancy-age of the father and smoking habit - family history of clefts. further Contacts were done by phone calls with the parents to collect more information. full information were acquired from 26 cases out of 43 registered cases of clefts. Statistic analyses using IBM SPSS V.22 Software were done to find out the correlation of predisposing factors with clefts through chi-square.
Results: From the recorded 43 cases of cleft lip is 19.5%, cleft palate 48.8%, cleft lip & palate 31.7%. Males were affected more than females (males 65% vs females 35%). in the 26 cases Drug consumption during pregnancy was found 61.5%, mother medical problems 53.8%, family history from the mother side 7.7% and from the father side 11.5%, father smoking habit 46%.
Conclusion: The p value from the predisposing factors was insignificant. The male cases rate was higher than females. Future studies should be done to obtain more information.