Mucogingival Complications Following Orthodontic Space Closure; A Retrospective Study
1Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, The International University for Science and Technology (IUST), Syria
2Department of Orthodontics, National Center of Dental Specialties and Syrian Board, Syria
Received Date: August 03, 2020; Published Date: August 14, 2020
Aim of the study: To investigate, retrospectively, the incidence of mucogingival complications after orthodontic space closure.
Materials and methods: A total of 35 files of patients, who were orthodontically treated in the Department of orthodontics at the National Center of Dental specialties and Syrian Board in Damascus/ Syria, were analyzed. Their treatment plans included orthodontic space closure. Patients were recalled and subjected to intra-oral examination to investigate cases of mucogingival complications. Chi Square statistical test was used to test the relationship between variables.
Results: No gingival complications were found in 32.3% of cases. Other complications varied among gingival inflammation, invaginations, clefts, and overgrowth. Gingival invaginations were found in 46.2% and 53.8% in the upper and lower jaws respectively. Gingival clefts were found in 61.5% and 38.5% in the upper and lower jaws respectively. No significant relationship was found between gingival complication and the method of orthodontic space closure.
Conclusion: Orthodontic space closure was not accompanied with high incidences of mucogingival complications (i.e. gingival invaginations and/or clefts). Most gingival complications were noted in the upper jaw compared to the lower jaw. No harmful features that could put the periodontal tissues at serious risk were documented.
Keywords: Gingival invagination; Cleft; Orthodontic; Space closure