Applications of Cone Beam Computerized Tomography in Orthodontics: A Review
1Former Consultant Orthodontist, Max Hospital Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2Vice Principal, Professor and Head, Department of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Haryana, India
3Post-graduate Resident, Department of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Haryana, India
Received Date: August 19, 2020; Published Date: September 07, 2020
Cone Beam Computerized Tomography (CBCT) is being comprehensively used for diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontics worldwide. Thorough visualization of craniofacial structures with accuracy and precision gives CBCT an upper hand over its apposite like 3D CT systems (fan beam) and 2D imaging systems. Moreover, it minimizes patient discomfort, improves patient contentment and extensively helps the orthodontist with a better understanding of treatment outcome by incorporating artificial intelligence along with traditional imaging. It thereby facilitates an orthodontist with a complete guide throughout treatment phases. In this article, we aim to review various applications of cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) in the field of orthodontics with patients scanned for routine orthodontic treatment.
Keywords: CBCT; Orthodontic applications; Orthodontic diagnosis; 3D Imaging system
Abbreviations: CBCT: Cone Beam Computerized Tomography; 3D: Three-Dimensional; CT: Computerised Tomography; 2D: Two-Dimensional; mSv: Millisievert; HU: Hounsfield Unit; OSA: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea; TMJ: Temporo-mandibular Joint; MRI: Magnetic Resonant Imaging; STL: Stereolithography; FEM: Finite Element Model