Cardiorenal Syndrome-Clinical Challenge of the 21st Century
Department of Post-Operative Care, Hospital Angeles Lomas, Mexico
Received Date: August 01, 2018; Published Date: August 06, 2018
The cardiac dysfunction and renal present a high prevailed in patients with chronic diseases, which contribute with another type of systemic disorders. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute sets the term cardiorenal syndrome (SCR) and defines it as the extreme deregulation failure and renal failure, which leads to a syndromic entity in which treatment to relieve symptoms of congestive heart failure (HF) is limited by the marked renal dysfunction .
The cardiorenal syndrome represents a pathological entity that is difficult to diagnose early, due to the various clinical manifestations that accompany it; in addition to this the causes are multiple cause both acute and chronic illnesses, resulting in a very insidious and complex management usually in this group of patients . Within this spectrum they are involved different pathways that contribute to the development of this syndrome, inside of which are neurohormonal mechanisms, hemodynamic, and immunological disorders .
Currently, there is a unique and specific treatment for this syndrome, however are counted with therapeutic means for the multidisciplinary approach and treat each of the pathological changes that this presents, as are diuretics, ultrafiltration, vasodilators, inotropes, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers .
The cardiorenal syndrome presents a complete interaction which is not always possible to identify the initial injury, which is of utmost importance to stop the population with potential risk and implement preventive measures for the development and evolution of this pathology. Within the measures to be implemented are:
a. Set the situation of each person in relation to the known modifiable risk factors .
b. Inform the patient risk factors that presents and the measures to be taken in order to avoid complications associated.
c. Arginine supplementation, and omega 3. Can interfere with the molecular pathways of oxidative stress and inflammation .
d. Vitamins A, C, E, beta carotene and folic acid. Potential therapeutic to improve endothelial function, decrease the cardiovascular risk associated with atherosclerosis and antiinflammatory effects .
e. Glutamine and lysine, which may inhibit the activation of NF-kB and the expression of cytokines .
f. Reduce the consumption of saturated fats. The activation of macrophages, induction of inflammation and oxidative stress are associated strongly with its ingestion .
g. Supplementation with vitamin D .
h. Glutathione and isoflavones, such as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory .
The cardiorenal syndrome is common in patients on heart failure or kidney function who attend with chronic diseases in its majority, therefore its early diagnosis and the detection of associated clinical manifestations is the first line of approach for this pathology. The treatment should be focused not only on the renal and cardiac involvement, but as has already been shown, the hemodynamic, metabolic and immunological, intervene in the development of this disease. The goal is the establishment of an individualized management and focused on the dominant pathophysiological mechanisms and their clinical manifestations.
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