Open Access Research Article

Evaluation of the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of the Leaf Extract and Fractions of Ipomoea Quamoclit in Albino Wistar Rats

Omoirri Moses Aziakpono1*, Okoye Delphine Ogechukwu2, Augustine Wisdom Ehimen3, Frank Okezie Eze3, Osagie Mike Odigie1 and Maduka Kate Ifeanyi4

1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria

2Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Nigeria

3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Nigeria

4Department of Biological Sciences, University of Delta, Agbor, Delta State Nigeria

Corresponding Author

Received Date:October 25, 2022;  Published Date:November 30, 2022


Background: Medicinal plants have been shown to contain intrinsic active ingredients that can be used for curative purposes for some diseases. Ipomoea quamoclit is one of such ethnomedicinal plants of reported health benefits.

Aim of Study: This study was aimed at evaluating the anti-inflammatory activity of ethanol extract and fractions of the leaves of Ipomoea quamoclit Mill.

Objectives of the Study: These include crude extraction and fractionation of Ipomoea quamoclit leaves; evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties of leaf extract and fractions of Ipomoea quamoclit.

Materials and Methods: Ipomoea quamoclit leaves were harvested and extracted with 80% ethanol by cold maceration for 48 hours and the crude extract was fractionated to obtain n-hexane, n-butanol, and ethyl acetate fraction, respectively. The crude extract and its fractions were screened to unveil the resident phytochemical constituents. The ethanol extract was tested for acute toxicity (LD50). The systemic acute inflammation of the crude extract and fractions of Ipomoea quamoclit was studied using the water (fluid) displacement method after inducing inflammation with egg albumin, using rats. The effect of the crude extract and fractions of Ipomoea quamoclit on arthritis was studied using the formaldehyde-induced arthritis model in rats.

Results and Conclusions: The results of the qualitative phytochemical evaluation of the plant confirmed the presence of these phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, steroids, terpenoids, glycosides, carbohydrates, proteins, and coumarins. There were no deaths recorded for acute toxicity study for both phases of the test. In the acute anti-inflammation assay, significant (P<0.05) anti-inflammatory activities were observed from the 5th hour for the ethyl acetate fraction (150 and 400 mg/kg) and the butanol fraction (400 mg/kg). The anti-arthritic activity of the crude extract (150 mg/kg), ethyl acetate fraction (150 and 400 mg/kg), n-hexane fraction (150 mg/kg) and butanol fraction (150 and 400 mg/ kg) were obvious from the second day after administration. By the 10th day the crude extract (50, 150, and 400 mg/kg) and ethyl acetate fraction (150 and 400 mg/kg) brought about a significant reduction of chronic inflammation (arthritis) in the test animals to normal basal levels. This study thus provides scientific information and validates the ethnobotanical use of Ipomoea quamoclit leaves in management of diseases and inflammation inclusive. The findings of this study also reveal that potentially Ipomoea quamoclit could be a source of pharmacologically active compounds of pharmaceutical importance.

Keywords:Ipomoea quamoclit; Inflammation; Phytochemicals; Fractions

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