Comparative Studies on Ring, Compact and Vortex Yarns and Fabrics
Received Date: August 27, 2020; Published Date: September 08, 2020
Ring, Compact and Air vortex spinning systems provide yarn with different structures and properties. Each system has its limitations and advantages in terms of technical feasibility and economic viability. In this research, 40’s Ne, 52:48 Polyester/Cotton blended yarns were produced on ring, compact and vortex spinning systems and woven fabrics were manufactured using these yarns . The vortex yarn is poor in strength and elongation and is also having more irregularities and uneven compared to ring and compact yarns. The vortex yarn being porous has a higher diameter compared to ring and compact yarns, whereas the hairiness of vortex yarn is significantly low compared to ring yarn. The Comfort properties and Handle characteristics of the fabrics were studied apart from the other properties of the yarns and fabrics. Vortex yarn fabrics exhibit better absorbency, good air permeability, abrasion and pilling resistance. The hand values of the vortex yarn fabrics are not so satisfactory compared to ring and compact yarn fabrics; however, its other properties can be utilized for some specialized applications where fabric handle has a very least role to play.
Keywords: Air vortex spinning; Ring spinning; Compact spinning; Fabric handle; Comfort