Open Access Research Article

Incidence of Acute Coronary Syndrome Between Men and Women: Integrative Review

Kaiomakx Renato Assunção Ribeiro1*, Thales Antônio Martins Soares2, Rachel Iglesias Teodoro dos Santos3, André Rodrigues dos Santos4, Lorena Suquyama Lelis5, Widney de Castro Baião6, Daniella Valença Daher7, Edivalda Pereira de Abreu8 and Fernanda Alves Ferreira Gonçalves9

1Institute of Strategic Health Management of the Federal District-IGES-DF, Researcher the group and research, Network of Nursing Care for Critically ill patients -CNPq, Brazil

2Nursing School of the Federal University of Goiás-FEN-UFG, Brazil

3,4Institute of Strategic Health Management of the Federal District-IGES-DF, Brazil

5Superior School of Health Sciences of the Federal District-ESCS-DF, Brazil

6,7Instituto Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal-IHBDF, Brazil

8Hospital das Clinicas de Goiás-HCUFG, Brazil

9Federal University of Goiás-FEN-UFG, Coordinator of the research group Nursing Care Network for Critically ill patients - CNPq, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Received Date: November 08, 2019;  Published Date: January 17, 2020


Objective: To analyze the difference between the male and female genders regarding the number of cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS)/ acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Method: This is an integrative literature review study, in which articles were searched in the following databases: MEDLINE, LILACS, SCIELO, BDENF. The articles were published between the years 2006 and 2018.

Results: Initially, 502 studies were found, 17 of which were selected to compose this research. Studies in general have pointed to a high incidence of ACS/AMI in males, however, a linear increase in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases in females has been observed in recent years. And that the factors associated with the appearance are hypertension, smoking, alcoholism, sedentary lifestyle and obesity, among others.

Conclusion: The incidence of patients with ACS/AMI every year has been a major challenge for health institutions and health professionals. The gender most affected by these diseases and the male gender, however, the increase in new cases in women has increased linearly in recent years.

Keywords: Myocardial infarction; Epidemiology; Coronary disease; Acute coronary syndrome

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