Open Access Research article

Study Quantum Of Transboundary Groundwater Drainage from India to Pakistan

Muhammad Basharat1* and Muhammad Jawad2

1Addl. Chief Engineer, Drainage, International Waterlogging and Salinity Research Institute (IWASRI), WAPDA, Pakistan

2Department of Civil Engineer, International Waterlogging and Salinity Research Institute (IWASRI), Pakistan

Corresponding Author

Received Date: June 15, 2020;  Published Date: June 29, 2020


The Government of Pakistan and the Government of India were equally desirous for attaining the most complete and satisfactory utilization of the water of the Indus River System. Therefore, in a spirit of goodwill and friendship, a treaty was pledged in 1960 between these two countries, called Indus Water Treaty (IWT), 1960. According to this treaty India was given exclusive rights on three eastern rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. The whole IWT deals with surface water including rivers and surface drains entering from India to Pakistan. Groundwater recharge being function of surface water were not discussed or are not the part of the treaty.The groundwater data was collected from Monitoring Organizations of both the countries and groundwater elevation contours were generated using GIS. Results revealed that the flow of groundwater has its gradient towards Pakistan in some areas and in some other areas the flow direction was found parallel to India-Pakistan Border following (NE to SW) in the direction of flow of surface water.

Keywords: Transboundary; Pakistan; India; Groundwater; Indus basin; Bari DOAB

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