Mitigation Strategies for Wet Market Food Safety Hazards to Prevent Coronavirus or Other Pathogen Outbreaks
Received Date: March 05, 2020; Published Date: March 10, 2020
Due to the most recent outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV2), having spread on a worldwide scale and associated with a wet market in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, as the initial source of human virus infection, the need for systematic food safety engineering of wet markets is urgent.
Food safety hazards in wet markets are reviewed concisely in this work and different mitigation strategies are discussed, that are likely to have an immediate impact on potential hazards and aim at minimizing the chance of foodborne pathogen occurrences and transmissions at these markets. Moreover, the topic of pathogen detection and traceability is raised as a prerequisite for advocating the perpetuation of wet markets in addition to their cultural and existential significance.
Keywords: Wet markets; Food safety engineering; Mitigation strategies; SARS coronavirus outbreak; Foodborne pathogens; Antibiotic resistance; Wild animals and Peridomestic mammals; Transmission pathways; Hurdle prevention and Consumer protection; Hazard detection and Traceability
Abbreviations:WHO-World Health Organization; SARS-Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome; GMP-Good Manufacturing Practice; HACCP-Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point