Prevention and Reduction of Geological and Environmental Problems in the Iranian Cities by Development of Geoscientific Knowledge-Base and Cyber-Infrastructure in the Urban Scale
Received Date: April 04, 2019; Published Date: April 30, 2019
Fast urbanization and growing urban areas pose great problems in water, energy waste, environment and geohazards of developing countries, as well as Iran. Many of these problems are related to issues that linked with geo-environmental constrains inside or around the cities directly or indirectly. urban geoscience in general and urban geology in particular are growing disciplines that provide essential knowledge for better understanding of geo environmental characteristics of urban areas in the large scales. The sound effectiveness of this knowledge requires the implementation of urban geoscientific cyber-infrastructures and knowledge-bases in the megacities. 3D-modeling, integration and other computational capabilities of modern days computing systems for huge amount of geospatial data in urban environment is an important and required tool to being prepared against challenges in the megacities as well as fast developing urban areas. This paper highlights major challenges of megacities in Iran that can be addressed by implementation of geoscientific cyber-infrastructure and knowledge-base.
Keywords: Big data; Knowledge-base; Urban geology; Megacities; Geoscience