Review on Organ Preserving Techniques in Patients with Urethral Carcinoma
2Department of Urology, Ain shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Received Date: August 25, 2018; Published Date: September 12, 2018
Tumors of the urethra are rare and often require radical surgery when dealing with locally advanced tumors to achieve adequate local control of the disease. In males, these procedures include partial or total penectomy for distal urethral carcinoma or total penectomy with cystoprostatectomy for proximal urethral carcinoma. In females with locally advanced urethral carcinoma, anterior exenteration may be required for better oncological outcomes. Patients diagnosed with urethral carcinoma at earlier stage may be amenable for genital sparing surgery which offers preservation of body image and better quality of life. We sought to review the current available literature describing different techniques of surgical management in patients with primary urethral carcinoma and subsequent survival and oncological outcomes.
Keywords: Organ preserving; Penile preserving; Urethral carcinoma
Abbreviations: AC: Adenocarcinoma; CRT: Chemoradiation Therapy; PUC: Primary Urethral Carcinoma; SCC: Squamous Cell Carcinoma; SEER: Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results; TUR: Transurethral Resection