Open Access Mini Review

Psychological Aspects of Enuresis in Childhood

Timothy P Lefeber*, Olivia E Nield and Linda S Nield

West Virginia University School of Medicine, USA

Corresponding Author

Received Date: November 22, 2018;  Published Date: December 18, 2018


Since approximately 10-15% of all children at age six years will have primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) [1], it is a common problem that presents to the general pediatrician and often referred to the urologist or nephrologist. PMNE is defined as bedwetting in children older than age five years without lower urinary tract symptoms or bladder dysfunction [2], and each year 15% of children will outgrow the condition resulting in approximately 1% to 2% of adolescents still suffering from the condition. Nearly all studies addressing PMNE reveal a strong genetic predisposition at rates of familial history as high as 75% [3]. Since the 1990’s, the medical literature has become replete with studies which focus on the psychological, psychosocial, and quality of life issues that are associated with enuresis.

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