Open Access Review Article

West Nile Virus Nervous System Manifestations

Mervat Wahba*

Department of Neurology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, USA

Corresponding Author

Received Date: October 11, 2018;  Published Date: October 23, 2018


West Nile Virus (WNV) is a member of the Flaviviridae, a family of single-stranded RNA viruses transmitted by the Culex mosquitoes and is characterized by the presence of neuro invasive strains causing disease and death in humans, birds and horses. While long identified in Africa, and other parts of the world, WNV was first diagnosed in North America in 1999, causing a surge in the number of WNV-related neuro invasive cases in 2002-2003, and again in 2012.

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