Open Access Research Article

Stroke - TIA Patient’s Profile: A Wide Analysis of 157 Cases

Enrico Affonso Barletta1*, Mariana Almeida Vidal2, Maycon Melo Lopes2 and Luis Belini3

1Medicine student from Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, Brazil

2Neurology resident on Hospital Puc-Campinas, Brazil

3Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas vascular neurology postgraduate, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Received Date: May 20, 2019;  Published Date: May 24, 2019


Background: Stroke is one of the main causes of death in the world and it still being the disease that most leaves sequels. So, understanding the profile of the patient who suffers a neurological ischemic event is crucial for all healthcare professionals, specially neurologists and neurosurgeons.

Methods: Observational, descriptive and analytical article, where patients were blindly analyzed. Summaries of hospitalization from patients who suffered an ischemic stroke or a transient ischemic attack were analyzed.

Result:157 patients were analyzed. The average age was 66,3 years old. 61% were man and 39% women. Most important risk factor: Hypertension being in 85% of them. Most important Toast: Cardioembolic being in 39% of the cases. Previous stroke in 23% and TIA occurred in 27%. Injury topography: 83% anterior circulation; 9% posterior; 8% both. Carotid ateromatosis in 42% of the cases.

Conclusion: Analyzing the patients, many characteristics showed high prevalence. Complementary exams must be requested. Hypertension and diabetes are the most important risk factors. There is a significant TIA rate. Each Toast present particullar risk factors that has major influence on each of them, as well as specific characteristics.

Keywords: Ischemic stroke; Transient ischemic attack; Toast; Epidemiology; Risk factors

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