Open Access Review Article

Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation as A Treatment with Three Violent Jail Inmates and One Violent Tourette’s Subject

Ronald R Mellen*1, Dakota Parker1 and Aubrey Simmons1

1Department of Criminal Justice, Jacksonville State University, USA

Corresponding Author

Received Date: May 20, 2021;  Published Date:June 21, 2021


The present article reviews three previously published single case studies of violent jail inmates and one violent Tourette’s subject. The treatment utilized a cranial electrotherapy stimulation device (Alpha-Stim) to reduce violent behaviors and clinical symptoms in the four subjects. The studies were completed between 2009 and 2018. In each of the inmates studied, positive changes in clinical measures and reductions in aggressive behaviors were found. In the Tourette’s subject improvements were also noted through self-assessments of clinical issues and tics. Important changes were also noted in improvements in daily life activities.

Keywords:Clinical; Detention; Electrotherapy

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