Open Access Research Article

Biostatistical Models of Antibiotic Residues in Soil Water Due to the Use of Poultry Manure

Bin Zhao1*, Kuiyun Huang1, Xia Jiang2 and Jinming Cao3

1College of Science, Hubei University of Technology, China

2Hospital, Hubei University of Technology, China

3School of Information and Mathematics, Yangtze University, China

Corresponding Author

Received Date: November 12, 2018;  Published Date: December 03, 2018


The intensive use of poultry manure is a significant environmental risk to soil water. Manure composition emissions can be effected by soil water with the application of poultry manure.

The vectors to represent the relationship between soil water characteristics and antibiotic were generated. A Semi-empirical Richards equation is employed to the biostatistical models of soil moisture while precise solutions of Richards equation obtained by using the (G′/G) - expansion method and the homogeneous balance method. Then the biostatistical models which involve several variables including soil moisture content, soil depth and timescales were assumed according to the exact solutions of Semi-empirical Richards equation. At least one antibiotic was detected in all the soil water and poultry manure samples.

Results confirmed that the contamination of vegetables by fecal bacteria is mainly due to the use of poultry manure.

Keywords: Antibiotic; Poultry manure; Richards equation; Soil moisture; The (G′/G) - expansion method

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