Open Access Review Article

Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Shayan Alijanpour1, Alijan Ahmadi Ahangar2*, and Mostafa Mostafazdeh Bora3

1Isfahan University of Medical Science, Iran

2Babol University of Medical Sciences, Iran

3North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Corresponding Author

Received Date: January 16, 2019;  Published Date: January 31, 2019


Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the second most common type of stroke, trailing only ischemic stroke in frequency. There are many underlying pathological conditions associated with ICH; hypertension, amyloid angiopathy, ruptured saccular aneurysm, and vascular malformation account for the majority of cases. Initial goals of treatment include preventing hemorrhage extension, as well as the prevention and management of elevated intracranial pressure along with other neurologic and medical complications.

Summary of review: Data were obtained from 21 studies conducted between 2000 to 2018 with title of Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage research articles were included in this review that we review clinical features and diagnosis of Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage.

Conclusion: Hypertensive vasculopathy is the most common etiology of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Major risk factors for spontaneous ICH are hypertension, older age, the presence of cerebral amyloid angiopathy.

Keywords: Intracerebral hemorrhage; Stroke; Hypertension

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